Agricultural products: Sanitary & PhytoSanitary Barriers Faced by Exporters in EAC: Tanzania Perspective.

    Since it was agreed, WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures are vital for liberalized economies like Tanzania especially in the multilateral trade agreements in agriculture. The country applies SPS measures on the basis of bilateral agreements or protocols through the SPS committee. These procedures are in line with the Tanzania trade, agriculture and livestock policies as they emphasize promotion and protection of domestic human, animal or plant life or health to ensure food safety, standard and quality. Such policies include plant protection Act (1997), food (control of quality) Act 1973, EAC SPS protocol 2010 which envisages regional harmonization of member states’ SPS measures. In implementing the relevant laws, decrees, regulations, requirements and procedures towards caring consumers, Tanzania uses its Ministerial Departments and or Agencies (MDAs) such as Tanzania Foods and Drugs Authority (TFDA) and Tanzania Bureau of Standards (TBS). As accredited government agencies, they operate by following the WTO SPS regulations as well as country rules, regulations and procedures towards ensuring food safety, animal and plant health protection against unhealthy exports and imports. However, in applying these measures, unfair treatment of the regulations to traders not only limits international trade but also consumers’ welfare by compelling them to only use by-products available to them. Thus, improper use of trade protectionism in agricultural products through the WTO SPS measure affects trade growth.

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