Managing Urbanization Process towards Better Livable Neighbourhoods in Tanzania: The Case of Dar es Salaam..

    Urban social problems continue to plague communities in the city of Dar Es Salaam. This is a result of urban informal settlements impeding development of urban infrastructure and service provision. This policy brief reflects on the urban informal settlements to understand the current needs and priorities of urban informal settlements dwellers for better livable neighbourhoods in Tanzania. High annual urban population growth makes Tanzania to be among the fastest urbanizing countries in Africa (IGC, 2015). Unplanned settlements are the major feature of this urban growth process, with far reaching threat of leaving dwellers without access to basic social-economic infrastructures. This brief draws the evidence from Dar es Salaam city as a case study by employing focus group discussions to understand needs and priorities of informal settlement dwellers. Social services (health, education, clean and safe water), environmental concerns, electricity, market centres, urban planning and land surveying, drainage systems, public parks, permeability, and security issues were observed to be the main challenges facing informal settlements dwellers of Dar es Salaam City. Interestingly, more than 50% of the neighbourhoods studied ranked Urban Planning and Land Survey as their first priority need. Absence of Urban Planning and Land Survey was asserted to be the root cause of all other problems, including, excessive population densities and poor housing construction without space for public services and other socioeconomic facilities.

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ESRFs activities are supported by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)