Implementing adaptation strategies to climate change: Views from farmers & agro-processors.

    Tanzania like other countries in the EAC has scanty contributions to global warming, albeit the impact of climate change is evident across all sectors in the economy. Many businesses, organizations, industries as well as individuals revealed to be affected by the escalating change in average temperatures, rainfall, and climate extremes (such as flood, drought and heat waves). Tanzania being heavily agriculture dependent economy, the increasingly changes in average weather patterns in the globe translate unevenly distributed effect in the sector. In the light of the noted weather events by stakeholders, agriculture is the most affected among other sectors in Tanzania, that resulting to poor food production as well as water scarcity caused by frequent flooding and severe recurring drought (2000). At large, most of the stakeholders, particularly agro-processors/agro-producers pointed out that for the recent past climate change has been affecting them in different dimensions including food production and other businesses.

    Although, the country has a role to play in combating the climate change effects, the capability at country level focuses on adaptation measures since it is not possible to mitigate climate change impact completely. What stakeholders and the Tanzanian government should focus on is assisting in maintaining production levels of their products and protecting their citizens from the worst effects of climate change. The government together with the private sector (such as stakeholders, particularly agro-processors; agro-industry business; and the chamber of commerce) perceive the impact of climate change in both negatively and positively although the stakeholders view, concentrates on negative effects. Stakeholders highlight that, the effects of climate change realized to

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ESRFs activities are supported by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)