Leveraging Technology Development and Transfer to Tackle Climate Change: Views from Tanzanian Agro-Industries.

    Tanzania is among the countries suffering from the impacts of climate change and associated hazards such as floods and droughts that have significantly affected economic growth and poverty reduction efforts. The impacts of climate change are increasingly becoming vivid in various sectors including, the livestock, and agriculture, wildlife, water and health sectors.

    Studies reveal that climate change will raise mean daily temperatures on average by 3oC – 5oC and mean annual temperature by 2oC-4oC throughout the country. From 1961-2005, the mean annual temperature has increased by 1oC -1.8oC throughout the country. Generally measurements from 21 meteorological stations have shown a steady increase in temperature over the past 30 years.

    Unpredictability on the onset and cessation of rainfall seasons has been observed with projections showing that areas with bimodal rainfall i.e. one season in a year (southern, south western, western, central and eastern parts) will experience a reduction of between 5%-15% in rainfall. Most of these areas are semi arid and are where livestock as well as agricultural activities are practiced and any decrease in rainfall availability will worsen the

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ESRFs activities are supported by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)