The UNFCCC Paris Agreement and the Way Forward.

    The Paris agreement requires each country to reassess its carbon reduction commitment every five years, where there will be an issuance of new greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets in five year cycles, beginning in 2020. In the Agreement it was agreed to “set a new collective quantified goal from a floor of USD 100 billion per year” before the 2025 climate change conference to be mobilized from developed to developing countries. The stated goal of climate change mitigation has been to limit global average temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius. However it was also successfully agreed to insert 1.5 degrees Celsius as the limit necessary for a balanced global ecosystem.

    The main points defended by the East African Community (EAC) when negotiating the Paris Agreement were equality between mitigation and adaptation; recognizing the increased burden for adaptation in developing countries due to inadequate aggregate mitigation efforts and also fully recognizing and consolidating the adaptation efforts made by those countries in the context of National Adaptation Programs of Action (NAPAs) and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). In addition issues such as full operationalization of the Warsaw International Mechanism for “Loss and Damage” and enabling African countries to deal with loss and damages associated with climate change impacts and minimizing the negative socioeconomic consequences; and country ownership of programs and projects with respect to both adaptation and mitigation and

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ESRFs activities are supported by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)