A Research Report on Assessment of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in Transportation Infrastructure in Tanzania: The way PPP is understood, challenges and the way forward.

    Transportation infrastructure is a significant catalyst for economic development in any nation. With this understanding, the Government of Tanzania has strived to develop the nation's transportation infrastructure to fast track development initiatives as well as to cope with the development targets set in the national development frameworks, such as the National Development Vision 2025, the Tanzania Assistance Strategy, and the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty. According to the National Development Vision, Tanzania is anticipating to become a middle income country by 2025, which definitely needs support by robust transportation networks. The current profile of transport network in Tanzania includes roads, air, railways, pipelines, and water networks. The road network is 86,472km, of which 12,786 km are classified as trunk road covering 5,130 km of paved and 7,656 km of unpaved roads; and the regional roads cover a total of 21,105 km, out of which 840 km are paved and 20,265 km are unpaved; and the remaining 52,581 km constitute of district, urban and feeder roads (UNESCO, n.d.; MoW, 2013). The railway network consists of 3,681km of which 2,706 km is managed by Tanzania Railway Limited (LTD), and 975 km by Tanzania-Zambia Railway (TAZARA) (URT, 2008, ADB Group, 2013). There are 28 airports, with the

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ESRFs activities are supported by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)