Tanzania's Legal Framework and the Participation of Private Sector in Staple Food Seed Production and Marketing.

    The importance of agriculture cannot be overemphasized. It is the mainstay of the economy in Tan- zania and the main source of food accounting for over 95 percent of the total supplies. However the sector still suffers underproduction and a number of other challenges. The challenges include low supply of high yield seeds and fertilizer necessary for increased production. The government’s monopoly set up in the supply of the seeds and other agricultural inputs has partly been responsi- ble for scarcity of seeds and has proved ineffective. The involvement of other stakeholders in the sector is therefore imperative. This can only be possible when the policy and legal framework for staple food seeds production and supply in the country favors partnership between the public and the private sector in a farmer-friendly manner. Based on the findings of a recent study, this policy brief indicates what needs to be reformed in the current framework so that there can be wide use of relevant agricultural inputs for the sake of maximum agricultural productivity.

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ESRFs activities are supported by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)